The hottest focus is on the internal combustion en

2022-10-19
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Focus: the internal combustion engine industry will develop healthily by steadily going abroad

focus: the internal combustion engine industry will develop healthily by steadily going abroad

China Construction machinery information

in 2014, the internal combustion engine industry can be said to have experienced a year of stable development. From the perspective of the profits realized by Enterprises above Designated Size in the national internal combustion engine industry, the total profits realized by Enterprises above Designated Size in the national internal combustion engine industry from January to December 2014 were 16.001 billion yuan, The year-on-year increase was 22.75%, with an increase of 2.965 billion yuan

from this signal, we can see that although the economic environment is not ideal, the internal combustion engine industry is still moving forward steadily, and the industry has gradually entered a healthy and sustainable development state

the export momentum of the industry is good

according to statistics, the total export amount of the internal combustion engine industry in December 2014 was $1.402 billion, an increase of 17.42% year-on-year; From January to December, the total export volume of new energy vehicles, high-end equipment manufacturing, information technology, energy conservation and environmental protection, biomedicine and other industries reached US $14.625 billion, an increase of 11.95% year-on-year

the total import amount of internal combustion engine industry in December 2014 was US $1.026 billion, with a year-on-year increase of 3.98%; From January to December, the cumulative import amount was US $12.100 billion, with a year-on-year increase of 7.13%

classification: in 2014, the number of complete internal combustion engine units exported in December increased by 12.38% year-on-year, and the amount was 33490.06. The rotating speed of the turntable is required to be lower than 10000 US dollars, with a year-on-year increase of 10.37%; From January to December, the number of units exported increased by 14.19% year-on-year, with an amount of $380.17708 million, an increase of 11.03% year-on-year. The export value of internal combustion engine parts in December was US $70.35 million, an increase of 13.57% year-on-year; From January to December, the export amount was 6916.7363 million US dollars, an increase of 17.75% year-on-year. The number of generator units exported in December was 807636, a year-on-year decrease of 9.73%, and the amount was $363.293 million, a year-on-year increase of 7.47%; From January to December, the number of export units decreased by 4.58% year-on-year, and the amount was 3906.5551 million US dollars, an increase of 3.73% year-on-year

in terms of imports by category: in 2014, the number of imported internal combustion engine units in December was 292037, with a year-on-year increase of 11.33%, and the amount was $482.839 million, with a year-on-year increase of 0.00%; From January to December, the number of imported units increased by 4.67% year-on-year, and the amount was $5794.9485 million, an increase of 1.11% year-on-year. The import of parts and components in December was $45972.9, an increase of 12.42% year-on-year; From January to December, the import amount was $5000.2874 million, an increase of 10.25% year-on-year. 1157 generator sets were imported in December, with a year-on-year decrease of 63.81%, and the amount was US $83.346 million, with a year-on-year decrease of 12.12%; From January to December, the number of imports was 15792, a year-on-year decrease of 12.75%, and the amount was US $1304.7164 million, a year-on-year increase of 26.95%

admittance and elimination of backward production capacity

recently, the author learned that in order to promote the rapid development of advantageous enterprises in the internal combustion engine industry, the Ministry of industry and information technology has formulated and completed the "entry conditions for China's internal combustion engine industry" and will soon be released. Industry insiders believe that relevant measures will optimize the production environment and pave the way for leading enterprises to become bigger and stronger

it is understood that China's internal combustion engine industry has serious overcapacity. By the end of 2013, China's internal combustion engine market has reached 380million units, making it a major producer and user of internal combustion engines. However, due to the lack of key core technologies, unsound energy conservation and emission reduction standards and other factors, internal combustion engine products are far behind the international advanced level

"there are still many new diesel engine projects in various regions, and the production capacity is far greater than the demand, resulting in a waste of production equipment and capacity. Therefore, the industry urgently needs access management." Li Yiming, Secretary General of the branch of medium bore multi cylinder diesel engines and superchargers, said. At present, the access conditions have been solicited in the industry, and have been widely recognized, and the official release is imminent

the access conditions are specified in five modules: the conditions that manufacturing enterprises need to meet, product requirements, safety production and energy conservation and environmental protection, quality assurance system construction, after-sales service and product sales, and the whole chain from the production of internal combustion engines to the sales of internal combustion engine products

in terms of the construction of quality assurance system, it is stipulated that enterprises should have quality inspection institutions or full-time (Part-time) inspectors who exercise their power independently, and formulate quality inspection management system and inspection, test and measurement equipment management system to ensure the consistency of internal combustion engine products. Relevant insiders said that the access conditions set a higher market access threshold for the internal combustion engine industry, which will effectively curb blind investment, low-level repeated construction, and some backward production capacity may be eliminated by the market

"access conditions" also intend to make specific requirements on the R & D capacity of enterprises

the exposure draft proposed that in terms of R & D capacity, the fixed asset investment of R & D institutions of internal combustion engine manufacturing enterprises should not be less than 100million yuan, and that of fuel system, supercharging system and post-treatment device manufacturing enterprises should not be less than 50million yuan. The annual cost of enterprises for product R & D and process improvement should be greater than 3% of the total sales

insiders pointed out that China's internal combustion engine technology is backward, and the high-pressure common rail technology of the engine and the exhaust gas post-treatment technology required for the implementation of the Fourth National Congress are all controlled by foreign capital, which urgently needs innovation, research and development breakthrough. The entry conditions set the threshold for R & D conditions, ensure that the enterprise has a certain ability of independent R & D and innovation, and play a positive role in promoting the technology improvement of internal combustion engines and the research and development of new products

internal combustion engine is a capital intensive technology and intensive product. To promote the internal combustion engine from big to strong, we must have completely independent innovation ability and research and development ability, and independently develop internal combustion engine products with technical content. Industry insiders said, "the access conditions optimize the market environment through a higher access threshold, relieve the worries of leading enterprises in their development, and finally build them into enterprises with international comprehensive competitiveness."

optimize the market and promote development

according to incomplete statistics, there are about 3000 manufacturing enterprises in the internal combustion engine industry, with nearly 400000 employees in the whole industry. By the end of 2013, the total industrial output value of the internal combustion engine industry had exceeded 370billion yuan, with a total output of 77million units and a total power of 1.5 billion kw. All kinds of internal combustion engine products basically meet the needs of national economic development, and a considerable number of products are exported to the international market as single machines or with supporting main machines

internal combustion engine is the leading power equipment of transportation, engineering machinery, agricultural machinery, fishing ships, national defense equipment, geological and oil drilling rigs, tourism and sports equipment, garden machinery and various general machinery. Internal combustion engine industry is an important basic industry. After years of development, China's internal combustion engine industry has made great progress, and the technical level of internal combustion engine products such as energy conservation and emission reduction has been greatly improved. China has become a major country in the production and use of internal combustion engines in the world

it is understood that during the "12th Five Year Plan" period, China's internal combustion engine industry will continue to develop. According to the "12th Five Year Plan" for the development of China's internal combustion engine industry, during the "12th Five Year Plan" period, the development speed of the internal combustion engine industry will operate with the characteristics of continuous stability and orderly improvement. The average annual growth of product output is expected to be 6% - 8%, the average annual growth of the total industrial output value of the whole industry is expected to be 8% - 10%, and the average annual growth of economic benefits is expected to be 10% - 15%

the product output is estimated according to the supporting use: 30million sets of automotive internal combustion engines came from the merger of Mitsubishi metal and Mitsubishi mining Cement in 1990; 1million internal combustion engines for construction machinery; 500000 multi cylinder internal combustion engines for agricultural machinery; 7million single cylinder internal combustion engines for agricultural machinery and other purposes; 26million gasoline engines for motorcycles; 28million general purpose small gasoline engines; 800000 internal combustion engines for fixed machinery; 800000 high-speed internal combustion engines for small and medium-sized ships; 50000 internal combustion engines for ships (medium and low speed), railways and oil drilling; 50000 internal combustion engines for national defense industry, special equipment and other purposes. Insiders pointed out that although China's internal combustion engine industry has developed rapidly, the overall scale advantage is not prominent, the output is large but the efficiency is not high, and the level of the manufacturing system is uneven, and the overall level is not high. The product brand awareness is not high, and the international market competitiveness is weak. The core technology is controlled by others, the development ability of advanced technology software of internal combustion engine is backward, and the research and development of complete machine and parts products with high-tech content rely too much on foreign countries. There is a lot of room for market environment and structure optimization

a number of new regulations to protect health

recently, the China internal combustion engine industry association "2015 annual industrial upgrading key support special project declaration preparation meeting" was held in Beijing, at which the key work of the internal combustion engine industry during the 13th Five Year Plan period was introduced, especially the implementation of new regulations in the industry was elaborated in detail

during the "13th five year plan" period, the China internal combustion engine industry association will organize the implementation of the "standard conditions for China's internal combustion engine industry", promote the establishment of the "announcement system of fuel consumption rate of internal combustion engine products", and issue the standard of "fuel consumption rate and measurement method of internal combustion engine products"

the implementation of these new policies and regulations will affect the product research and development of enterprises in the industry; Stable production and manufacturing; Implement scientific quality management; Restrain low-level and repeated investment construction; Standardize the market order of the industry; Protect the enthusiasm of scientific and technological investment of internal combustion engine manufacturing enterprises; Safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of users; Controlling the backward production capacity of internal combustion engines and blindly expanding will play a positive role

at the same time, it will make great contributions to promoting the application of energy-saving internal combustion engine products, accelerating the upgrading of high energy consuming products, achieving energy conservation and consumption reduction of internal combustion engine products, coordinating the development of related supporting industries of internal combustion engine products, and comprehensively realizing the energy conservation and emission reduction and industrial transformation and upgrading of China's internal combustion engine industry

the newly issued standards will provide a new impetus for the promotion of skills emission reduction, especially the emission limitation of carbon dioxide. In order to reduce fuel consumption and carbon dioxide emissions, the target value standard of internal combustion engine fuel consumption rate stage is formulated. The standard will announce the internal combustion engine products that have reached the stage target value through timely and dynamic adjustment of the target value of fuel consumption rate, establish a long-term leading mechanism for reducing the fuel consumption rate and carbon dioxide emissions of internal combustion engines, encourage and guide manufacturing enterprises to accelerate the promotion and application of new technologies and new products for energy conservation and emission reduction of internal combustion engines, such as microcomputer control, and continue to improve the energy efficiency of internal combustion engine products, Reduce the fuel consumption of vehicles, engineering machinery, agricultural machinery, ships and other equipment powered by internal combustion engine products, and provide strong support for ensuring national energy security and actively responding to climate change

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